Hypertension is a very common condition that’s also known as high blood pressure. Your blood pressure indicates the pressure your blood puts on the walls of your arteries. High pressure can bring about numerous long-term complications and will heighten your risk for heart disease and diabetes. It’s important to obtain treatment as soon as possible after you begin to suffer from hypertension. Doing so should help you avoid more severe complications.
Primary Symptoms of Hypertension
The most problematic aspect of hypertension is that it’s difficult to detect even if you know what you’re looking for. The symptoms are often mild and can be mistaken for signs of less severe health issues. You can determine that your blood pressure has reached a high level by obtaining check ups regularly. If your blood pressure has become very high, the main symptoms that you can experience include:
- Problems with your vision
- General fatigue or confusion
- Severe and painful headaches
- Pain in your chest
- Difficulties with breathing
- Blood in your urine
- An irregular heartbeat
- A pounding in your neck, ears, or chest
Some of the many health complications that can be brought about by the presence of hypertension include stroke, eye problems, kidney failure, and a heart attack. Early treatment is the key to avoiding most of these issues.
Treatment Options Available for Hypertension
Likely the best treatment method for hypertension is making the right lifestyle changes. There are a range of lifestyle changes that can help lower your blood pressure and reduce the risk of health complications. If you are currently obese or overweight, losing weight should lower your blood pressure levels. You should also quit smoking if you’re currently doing so.
Make sure to eat a healthy diet, which means that your diet should consist of large amounts of fruits and vegetables alongside low amounts of total and saturated fats. Consume less than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day. You should also limit your alcohol consumption and exercise regularly. Additional treatment options for lessening blood pressure levels include numerous types of medication, like beta-blockers and diuretics.